SUGAR CANE

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Sugar cane is a plant cultivated for the production of sugar.

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It originates from India where it has been cultivated for over 4000 years.

It was introduced to the West Indies by Christopher Columbus, during his second trip in 1493, so that it was produced and harvested (for its sugar) by slaves and then Indian hires after the abolition of slavery on the plantations. .

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The sugar cane is cultivated for its juice with which one produces the cane juice, the brown sugar, the Caçhaça, and obviously the rum. It also tasted raw for its juicy flesh.

It is cultivated in tropical countries such as the West Indies, Brazil, Tailande, Tathiti ...

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There are 6 main varieties of cane in Guadeloupe:

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the Creole Cane, the White Cane, the Blue Cane , the Red Cane , the Gray Cane and the Black Cane.

GUADELOUPE CANE VARIETIES

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The Creole Cane

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It is the "traditional" cane. It is the most common on our island. It is mainly used to make cane juice, sugar, rum or for its raw tasting.

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The Black Cane

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This variety is only produced and harvested by the Bologna distillery in Guadeloupe .

It is less productive than the other varieties but has a very complex and powerful aromatic profile. Bologna has produced two rums from this cane: the very popular "Black Cane" and the more confidential (but excellent) "La Coulisse".

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The Red Cane

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The Red Cane is very fragrant and very sweet. It is more fragile than other rods, and therefore, very little used. Only Longueteau produces and harvests it in Guadeloupe. They produce white rums such as Parcellaires 1, 7, 9 and 12, the Génésis amber rum from 2018 and other old rums.

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The Blue Cane

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Blue Cane is very aromatic. Longueteau and Karukera mainly use it in the making of their rums in Guadeloupe. Karukera produced the excellent "L'Intense" with this rod and Longueteau the famous Parcellaire n ° 4.

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The Gray Cane

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This variety, from Barbados, is used by Bielle to make its white rum:

the "Gray Cane". It is powerful and fragrant.

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The White Cane

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This variety is mainly found in North Grande-Terre. It is very sweet and often attacked by ants, making it difficult to grow.